Under federal legislation cannabis use for recreational purposes is now legal across Canada. The province is responsible regulating the use and sale of cannabis in Ontario. 

Our priority is to protect vulnerable people from the negative impacts of legalization and are committed to working toward safe implementation.

Consuming cannabis in public

Cannabis consumption is regulated by the Smoke Free Ontario Act. This means smoking or vaping cannabis is allowed wherever smoking cigarettes is permitted, and banned where smoking cigarettes is banned, such as playgrounds, sport fields and outside the entrances to public buildings.

If you observe someone consuming cannabis where it is not permitted, contact Region of Waterloo Tobacco Enforcement.

Consuming cannabis in private

If someone is consuming cannabis in accordance with the federal and provincial regulations, there is little municipalities can do if legal use interferes with your enjoyment of private property. If the residence is a rental property or condominium, the property owner may be able to take action.

Purchasing and selling cannabis

In Ontario, anyone 19+ is able to:

  • purchase cannabis flowers and oils through the Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) 
  • possess up to 30 grams of dried legal cannabis in public
  • grow up to four plants per residence (not per person)

The law on cannabis use for medical purposes is different and can be found at Health Canada.

Report illegal activity

To report unlicensed distribution and consumption of cannabis, or someone growing more than the allowed number of plants, contact Waterloo Regional Police Services.